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The Benefits of Retinol

 Here are some key findings from scientific research on Retinol


Retinol, a derivative of vitamin A, is a popular ingredient in skin care products due to its multiple benefits for skin health and appearance.

1. Anti-Aging Effects: Retinol has been shown to improve the appearance of photodamaged skin by reducing fine lines and wrinkles, improving skin texture, and enhancing skin tone. It works by increasing collagen production and promoting cell turnover [(Tucker-Samaras et al., 2009)](


2. Skin Rejuvenation: Studies have demonstrated that retinol enhances skin appearance by reducing pigmentation and improving elasticity and firmness. These effects are attributed to retinol's ability to modulate gene expression related to skin cell growth and differentiation [(Shao et al., 2017)]( ageing-properties-naturally-agedskin-shao/9bb78d5fbac75a11b353d863186c289f/?utm_source=chatgpt).


3. Comparative Studies with Retinoic Acid: Retinol, while less potent than its acidic counterpart retinoic acid, offers considerable anti-aging benefits without the associated irritation, making it suitable for cosmetic use in sensitive skin types. Comparative studies highlight that while retinoic acid is more effective for severe photoaging, retinol provides significant benefits with fewer side effects [(Kong et al., 2016)](


4. Improvements in Photodamaged Skin: Clinical trials have confirmed that retinol improves various signs of photoaging, such as pigmentation and roughness, thereby enhancing the overall aesthetic appearance of the skin [(Lee et al., 2006)](


These studies underline retinol's effectiveness as a skin care agent, providing both aesthetic improvements and promoting healthier skin physiology through its influence on skin cell behavior and structure. Research indicates that retinol may have protective effects against certain types of skin cancer, particularly squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).


Here's a summary of the findings:


1. Prevention of Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial examined the efficacy of retinol supplementation on the incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancer, including SCC. The study found that daily supplementation with 25,000 IU of retinol was effective in preventing SCC, although it did not prevent basal cell carcinoma (BCC) [(Moon et al., 1997)](


2. Trial with Isotretinoin and Retinol: Another study exploring the effects of retinol and isotretinoin on preventing nonmelanoma skin cancer in high-risk subjects found no beneficial effects in preventing new occurrences of BCC or SCC when comparing retinol, isotretinoin, or placebo. This suggests that while retinol may have some preventive effects on SCC, it does not significantly alter the risk for BCC or general skin cancer incidence [(Levine et al., 1997)](


These studies indicate a potential chemopreventive role of retinol against SCC but not BCC, highlighting its selective efficacy in skin cancer prevention. Further research is needed to fully understand the extent and mechanisms of retinol's protective effects against different types of skin cancers. The relationship between growth factors in skin products and skin cancer risk is nuanced.


Here are some insights from scientific studies


 1. Growth Factors and Cancer Development: Growth factors are crucial for cellular proliferation and regeneration, but their role in cancer is complex. They can potentially support cancer development if they stimulate unchecked cell proliferation. For instance, the epidermal growth factor (EGF) can activate signaling pathways that might increase the risk of skin cancer when overexpressed or mutated in certain contexts, such as after UV irradiation [(El-Abaseri et al., 2005)](


2. Chemopreventive Effects: Interestingly, there are also contexts in which growth factors can help prevent the development of cancer. Some studies suggest that manipulating growth factor pathways could inhibit the processes that lead to cancer. For example, blocking specific growth factor receptors has shown potential in reducing UV light-induced skin tumorigenesis, highlighting a preventive approach [(El-Abaseri et al., 2005)](


3. Skin Rejuvenation and Cancer Risk: Products containing growth factors are primarily aimed at skin rejuvenation, enhancing collagen synthesis and skin repair. However, their impact on cancer risk needs careful consideration due to their potent biological effects. The use of such products should be monitored, especially in individuals with a high risk of skin cancer [(Aldag et al., 2016)](


Overall, while growth factors can play a role in skin repair and rejuvenation, their impact on skin cancer risk is dependent on how they influence cell growth and DNA repair processes. More research is needed to fully understand these dynamics and to optimize the use of growth factorcontaining products for safety and efficacy.



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